HTML Introduction

HTML Introduction

Table of content

HTML is the standard markup language for Web pages. With HTML you can create your own Website. HTML is easy to learn - You will enjoy it!

  • HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language
  • HTML describes the structure of a Web page
  • HTML consists of a series of elements
  • HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
  • HTML elements are represented by tags
  • HTML tags label pieces of content such as "heading", "paragraph", "table", and so on
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page

A simple HTML program

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Page Heading</h1>
<p>Paragraph</p>
</body>
</html>
Tryit

Explaination

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines this document to be HTML5
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element contains meta-information about the document
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the document
  • The <body> element contains the visible page content
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph

HTML Tags

HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets.

  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <p> and </p>
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
  • The end tag is written like the start tag, but with a forward slash inserted before the tag name
Note: The start tag is also called the opening tag, and the end tag the closing tag.

Web Browsers

Web Browsers like Chrome, Safari, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge etc are used to read these HTML documents and provides us results.

Instead of displaying HTML tags browsers use those HTML tags to determine how your webpage will look.

Example1

History of HTML

Year Version
1989 Tim Berners-Lee invented www
1991 Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
1993 Dave Raggett drafted HTML+
1995 HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
1997 W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2
1999 W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01
2000 W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0
2008 WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft
2012 WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard
2014 W3C Recommendation: HTML5
2016 W3C CandidateRecommendation: HTML 5.1
2017 W3C Recommendation: HTML5.1 2nd Edition
2017 W3C Recommendation: HTML5.2
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